Charts

therapeutic

 ACTIONS OF OILS ON THE SKIN

PROPERTY: ESSENTIAL OIL: SPECIAL APPLICATIONS

 

ANTISEPTIC

BactoPlus, Mold-Away, OxyBurst, Tea Tree, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Geranium

Cleansing, protecting, and treating acne-prone skin

ASTRINGENT

Transpose, LiteNEasy, Levitate, Geranium, Lemongrass, Lemon

Skin toner, treatment of oily skin

CYTOPHYLACTIC (CELLULAR STIMULATION AND PROTECTION)

Mirage, Timeless, Embrace, Beginnings, Fluster, Valory, Myrrh, Frankincense, Rose, Sandalwood, Geranium, Rosemary, Lavender, Neroli, Helichrysum

Treatment and healing of minor skin lesions and blemishes, mature skin

PROTECTANT

Mirage, Timeless, Innocence, Warmer, Palmarosa, Sandalwood, Myrrh

Protect skin, help it retain moisture

SOOTHER

Mirage, Timeless, Innocence, Beginnings, Valley Lily, Chamomile, Neroli, Rosewood, Rose, Ylang Ylang

Sensitive skin, broken capillaries

REGULATOR

Mirage, Timeless, Osmosis, Endocare, Life, Turbulence, Sage

Sebaceous secretions, oily skin

RUBEFACIENT (CAPILLARY CIRCULATION)

Mirage, Timeless, Animus, Beginnings, Fluster, Warmer, Nixi, Sighting, Grapefuit, Juniper Berry, Rosemary

Toxin elimination, lymphatic drainage, treatment of sluggish conditions

 

OILS FOR SKIN CARE

SKIN TYPE / PROBLEM: ESSENTIAL OILS

ACNE

Mirage, Timeless, Innocence, Animus, LivCare, Valley Lily, Cajeput, Tea Tree, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Lemon, Palmarosa, Rosewood, Yarrow

BROKEN CAPILLARIES

Mirage, Timeless, Veinz, Sighting, Lime, Rose, Ylang Ylang

DRY SKIN

Mirage, Timeless, Innocence, Animus, Reconcile, Valley Lily, Clary Sage, Cedarwood, Myrrh, Sandalwood, Rose, Palmarosa

ECZEMA

Mirage, Timeless, Valley Lily, Cedarwood, Chamomile German, Lavender, Sage, Patchouli, Rose, Benzoin

INFLAMED

Mirage, Timeless, Chamomile German, Chamomile Roman, Clary Sage, Helichrysum, Jasmine, Lavender, Myrrh, Patchouli

NORMAL SKIN

Mirage, Timeless, Animus, Valley Lily, Clary Sage, Geranium, Lavender, Ylang Ylang, Rosewood

OILY SKIN

Mirage, Timeless, Innocence, Animus, Lavender, Lemon, Lime, Geranium, Frankincense, Rosemary, Ylang Ylang

REJUVENATION

Mirage, Timeless, Embrace, Beginnings, Reconcile, Valley Lily, Valory, Frankincense, Helichrysum, Cedarwood, Geranium, Lavender, Myrrh, Rosemary, Sandalwood

SEBORRHEA

Mirage, Timeless, Bergamot, Lavender, Cypress, Patchouli

SENSITIVE

Mirage, Timeless, Innocence, Chamomile Roman, Chamomile German, Rosewood, Neroli

WRINKLES

Timeless, Embrace, LiteNEasy, Lemon, Palmarosa, Myrrh, Frankincense, Patchouli, Rose, Rosewood, Clary Sage

*These charts have been compiled from many reliable and well-respected sources detailing the traditional use of these oils. It is meant for informational purposes only and is certainly not meant to diagnose or prescribe in any way. The blends Timeless and Innocence are excellent for all skin types and most skin problems.

 

THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES

PROPERTY: ESSENTIAL OILS

ADRENAL STIMULANTS

EndoCare, Spirited, Melody, Osmosis, Life, LiteNEasy, Confidence, Verve, Basil, Geranium, Sage, Spruce, Rosemary

ANALGESIC

Mirage, Exhale, Beneath, Beginnings, Mood-Off, HealMe, Circulate, Silence, Relaxation, Birch, Cassia, Chammomiles, Clove, Eucalyptus, Fir, Frankincence, Geranium, Ginger, Helichrysum, Howood, Laurel, Lavender, Marjoram, Rosemary, All Mints, Pepper, Peppermint, Rosewood, Rue, Spanish Sage, Spikenard, Spruce, St. John’s Wort, Tea Tree, Thyme, Valerian, Wintergreen, Zanthoxylum

ANTISPASMODIC

Breathe, Harmony, Beginnings, Relaxation, Warmer, basil, bergamot, Chamomile Roman, cypress, eucalyptus, hyssop, lavender, marjoram, melissa, peppermint, rosemary, sandalwood

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY

Veinz, Beneath, HealMe, Circulate, Abstraction, Relaxation, Verve, Warmer, Inside Anthopogon, Basil, Birch, Black Pepper, Chamomile German, Chamomile Roman, Chaulmoogra, Coriander, cypress, helichrysum, lavender, opoponax, patchouli, peppermint, petitgrain, ravensara, saro, spearmint, spikenard, spruce, wintergreen, violet leaf

ANTISEPTIC / ANTIVIRAL

All essential oils are antiseptic to one degree or another; some of the most effective are:

Faithful, Transpose, BactoPlus, Purity, OxyBurst, Bergamot, Eucalyptus, Juniper Berry, Cajeput, Citronella, Melissa, Oregano, Peppermint, Sage, Cedarwood, Hyssop, Lemongrass, Marjoram, Myrrh, Thyme, Tea Tree, Cinnamon, Clove, Garlic, Lavender, Ravensara, Sandalwood

CARMINATIVE

Harmony, Osmosis, Abundantia, Anethi, Basil, Black Pepper, Caraway, Cardamom, Catnip, Chamomile Roman, Chamomile German, Cilantro, Cinnamon Berry, Clary Sage, Clove, Coriander, Fennel, Frankincense, Hyssop, Juniper Berry, Laurel, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Melissa, Mountain Savory, Myrrh, Myrtle, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Spearmint, Thyme, Turmeric, Yarrow, Zanthoxylum

CEPHALIC

Mirage, Beneath, Circulate, Divinity, Afloat, Mood-Off, Silence, Basil, Cardamom, Peppermint, Rosemary, Rosewood, Spearmint

CYTOPHYLACTIC / VULNERARY

Beginnings, Circulate, Lavender, Neroli, Helichrysum, Yarrow, Benzoin, Bergamot, Cajeput, Caraway, Chamomile Roman, Chamomile German, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Geranium, Hyssop, Lavender, Myrrh, Niaouli, Patchouli, Rosemary

DIGESTIVE

Harmony, Osmosis, Basil, Bergamot, Chamomile German, Chamomile Roman, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Hyssop, Marjoram, Melissa, Neroli, Rosemary

DIURETIC

Harmony, LiteNEasy, Beginnings, Mint-Tee, Chamomile Roman, Chamomile German, Cedarwood, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Geranium, Hyssop, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Rosemary, Sandalwood

ENERGIZING / STIMULANT

Beary Love, Crystalline, Spirited, Heavenly Home, Animus, Life, Beginnings, Verve, Rev Up, Arise, Basil, Ginger, Nutmeg, Peppermint, Rosemary, Lemon, Eucalyptus, Pine

EXPECTORANT

Breathe, Faithful, Beginnings, Basil, Bergamot, Cedarwood, Eucalyptus, Fennel, Frankincense, Hyssop, Marjoram, Mountain Savory, Myrrh, Opoponax, Peppermint, Sandalwood, Thyme, Vanilla

There are a great many expectorant singles leading to the logical conclusion that most blends are also expectorant to some degree.

HYPO/HYPER-TENSOR

Fairy Dust, Gift, Savvy, Hope, Chimera, Finnesse, Neutrality, Animus, Carna, Maya, Verve, Clary Sage, Dill, Goldenrod, Hyssop, Lavender, Lime, Litsea Cubeba, Marjoram, Melissa, Ylang Ylang

NERVINE

Beneath, Life, Beginnings, HealMe, Silence, Relaxation, Basil, Chamomile German, Chamomile Roman, Clary Sage, Hyssop, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Marjoram, Melissa, Peppermint, Rosemary

SEDATIVE (TAKEN IN MODERATE DOSAGES) (SOME OF THESE OILS ARE STIMULATING WHEN TAKEN IN LARGER DOSES)

Trust, Visions, Time Out, Chimera, Afloat, Mood-Off, Solstice, Serenity, Benzoin, Bergamot, Chamomiles, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Copaiba Balsam, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Hyssop, Jasmine, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Laurel, Litsea Cubeba, Marjoram, Melissa, Myrrh, Neroli, Patchouli, Rose, Sandalwood, Spikenard, Valerian, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang

SUDORIFIC

Temperature, Basil, Chamomile German, Chamomile Roman, Hyssop, Juniper Berry, Laurel, Lavender, Melissa, Peppermint, Rosemary

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BASIC OIL TERMS

ABSOLUTE

An oil that is extracted by a complex process using solvents such as alcohol or hexane. The solvent is then removed. This extraction method is used when there is very little essential oil in the plant part being used or when a more concentrated or complex fragrance is desired.

ATTAR (OTTO)

This term is used to describe the steam distillation of rose petals. It is also an Indian term for the oil obtained from the co-distillation of rose and sandalwood.

BALSAM

A balsam is a water insoluable, viscous or semi-solid substance which is exuded from some types of trees and bushes. A balsam is similar to a gum resin.

COLD PRESSED

Cold pressed refers to a process of extraction used for citrus and fixed oils. The process of pressing uses minimal heat to prevent harm to the therapeutic properties of the plant material. Heat is usually under 120° F.

CONCRETE

Concretes are extracted in a manner similar to an absolute. The final product, however, is a semi-solid wax rather than a liquid essential oil.

CO2 EXTRACTION

This refers to extraction methods using carbon dioxide (CO2). One method uses low pressure cold extraction with a dense liquid CO2. The other method involves heating the CO2 to just above 87°F, making it a dense fog. CO2 is the most desired of solvents because it leaves no toxic residues behind. Low pressure is the best CO2 extraction method for obtaining high quality results.

DEODORIZED

An oil is considered deodorized when unwanted fragrance or flavor materials have been removed from a botanical product.

DISTILLATE WATER

Distillate water is another term for floral water or hydrosol and is the by-product of steam distillation.

DISTILLATION

Distillation is a heating process which separates and purifies a liquid mixture. Different components have different vapor pressures. The process involves vaporization of the more volatile components and then condensation of the vapor back to a liquid.

EXPELLER PRESSED

A machine pressing process for plant materials which operates at around 140 to 210° F.

ESSENTIAL OIL

Essential oils are volatile oils, typically fragrant, which are extracted from botanicals using steam distillation. The resulting essential oils are normally liquid, but some of them may become thicker or solid at cooler temperatures. For commercial purposes expressed oils and absolutes are usually identified as essential oils, while technically they are not because they are not distilled.

EXPRESSION

Expression refers to the pressing of the peels of citrus fruits to obtain essential oils and some other non-volatile materials.

EXTRACTION

Extraction is a process of removing botanical components from a raw material through the uses of distillation and/or solvents. The solvent containing the extracted materials is filtered and the solvent removed. The extract contains non-volatile as well as volatile components. Oleoresins, resinoids, concretes, and absolutes are all produced by varying forms of extraction methods.

EXUDATE

Exudates are non-cellular, natural raw material that is secreted by plants. This can occur spontaneously or after damage or cutting of the plant. Balsam oils are an example of an exudated substance.

FCC

FCC stands for Food Chemicals Codex and is the industry standard listing of food grade ingredients. This label indicates that the substance is considered safe for use in food and cosmetics.

FIXATIVES

A material which slows down the rate of evaporation of the more volatile components in perfume composition and natural product formulation.

FIXED OILS

These are non-volatile oils derived from plant materials, commonly referred to as vegetable oils. These oils are often referred to as carrier oils.

FOLDER OIL

This term describes a product created by concentrating the flavor constituents of an essential oil by redistillation and/or other processing methods. This process is usually— supposed to be, at least—indicated by a number following the name of the essential oil. For example, Orange, Sweet 5, which indicates an oil that is used in food production and flavoring but not for therapeutic use. These essential oils have more intense fragrances and sometimes novices to the essential oil world will mistake this for an indication of quality.

FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION

In the fractional steam distillation process, the essential oil is collected in batches over the distillation period at set times. The oil yield taken initially is referred to as 1st, thereafter 2nd and 3rd. A blend of all the batches is referred to as “complete.” Ylang ylang is harvested in this manner.

GUM RESIN ABSOLUTE

An oil soluble, purified exudate consisting mostly of resinous constituents, gums and small amounts of volatile components. Examples are Myrrh, Galbanum, and Opoponax.

HYDROSOL

See distillate water

ISOLATE

The separation of a particular aroma chemical from an essential oil via distillation (mechanically), hydrolysis (chemically), or by other partitioning methods. Example: eugenol from Clove leaf oil.

NATURAL

This should mean that the products contains only natural ingredients. In reality, what can be labeled as natural depends on state and national regulations and is appalling! This designation on a package label cannot be relied upon.

OLEORESIN

An extraction process, using selected solvents to remove the vital components. An oleoresin will contain the essential oils plus other important non-volatile components which are important to the flavor, color, and other aspects of the finished product.

RECTIFIED

This term indicates that a material was reprocessed or distilled a second time. Sometimes a rectified (or redistilled) oil will be added to an oil from a first distillation. This is not done to commit fraud, but to enable an oil such as Melissa to be produced less expensively so that people will be able to afford to use it. These oils often have amazing healing properties, although the first distillation is always better. The term rectified should indicate that the oil has been processed as explained in the previous paragraph. Sometimes, however, an essential oil will be labeled and sold as rectified when it is really a composite of biological components put together with the intent to mimic as closely as possible a very expensive or rare essential oil.

REFINED

Refined describes the removal of impurities from the natural, crude botanical product.

SOLVENT EXTRACTION

Some natural raw materials are too delicate to process using steam heat. These are processed using various solvents and the solvent is then filtered out of the product. The extract will contain both non-volatile as well as volatile components. Oleoresins, resinoids, concretes, and absolutes are all produced by solvent extraction.

TERPENELESS

The complete or partial removal of monoterpenes or hydrocarbons by distillation. This is done to:

  1. improve solubility in diluted alcohol or food grade solvents
  2. increase stability of the oil and prevent the appearance of rancid notes.

WATER MISCIBLE / DISPERSIBLE

This means that the substance can be uniformly mixed with water.

WATER SOLUBLE

A substance that will dissolve in water.

WINTERIZED

A cold-filtering process which removes substances which cause cloudiness at cooler temperatures.

WONF

A wonf is an essential oil or flavor to which other natural flavors have been added to
enhance specific notes, properties, or aroma.

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THERAPEUTIC TERMS

ANALGESIC

Reduces pain sensations in tissues and nerves.

ANTIBIOTIC / ANTIBACTERIAL

Prevents bacterial growth.

ANTIOXIDANT

Capable of inhibiting free radical damage in the cells of the body.

ANTIFUNGAL

Prevents fungal growth.

ANTI-INFECTIVE

Prevents the growth and spread of infections.

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY

Reduces excess redness and swelling in damaged tissues.

ANTIMICROBIAL

Prevents or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, or protozoans.

ANTISEPTIC

Destroys microbes on surfaces and prevents their further development.

ANTISPASMODIC

Prevents or relieves muscle spasms, convulsions, contractions, and coughs.

ANTITUSSIVE

A substance which relieves coughs.

ANTIVIRAL

Prevents viral growth.

APHRODISIAC

Acts to increase sexual desire or pleasure.

ASTRINGENT

A substance that constricts and tightens body tissues. Some examples of the benefits of taut tissues in the body would be shrinkage of mucous membranes of the lungs to expel mucous during infectious illnesses; the prevention of calcium deposits (stones) in the kidneys or gallbladder; the healing of skin problems such as stretch marks, scars, and acne.

BALSAMIC

Soothes the irritation of sore throats, coughs, etc.

BRONCHIAL DILATOR

Opens the bronchial tubes in the lungs for relief and ease of breathing in respiratory infections.

CALMATIVE

Sedative, calming agent.

CARDIOVASCULAR TONIC

Tones and strengthens the heart and veins.

CARMINATIVE

Relieves flatulence, easing abdominal pain and bloating.

CATARRHAL

Inflammation and phlegm in mucous membranes that has resulted from infections or allergic reactions.

CEPHALIC

Pertaining to the head, specifically headache.

CEREBRAL STIMULANT

Stimulating to the brain and central nervous system.

CHOLAGOGUE

Promotes the evacuation of bile from the gall bladder and gall ducts.

CICATRISANT/CICATRISIVE

Aids in the healing of wounds.

CIRCULATORY STIMULANT

Increases the circulation of blood throughout the body.

COAGULATION

The ability of the blood to form clots when necessary.

CORTICOSTEROID

Steroid hormones produced in the adrenal cortex. They are involved in stress response, immune response and the regulation of inflammation, carbohydrate and protein metabolism, blood electrolyte levels, and aspects of our behavior.

CORTISONE-LIKE

A substance with properties similar to cortisone. Cortisone suppresses undue immune response, thus reducing inflammation, pain, and swelling at the site of an injury.

CYTOPHYLACTIC

Promotes cell regeneration at the site of an injury, which speeds healing and reduces scarring.

DEPURATIVE

Eliminates toxins and purifies the system.

DIAPHORETIC

Induces a sweat. Used when the immune response of fever and sweat by the body has been insufficient to kill infectious microbes.

DISINFECTANT

Destroys harmful micro-organisms.

DIURETIC

Promotes the removal of excess water from the tissues of the body. This usually increases urine output by the kidneys.

EMMENAGOGUE

Induces or regulates menstruation.

EMOLLIENT

A substance that soothes and softens the skin.

ENDOCRINE STIMULANT

The endocrine system consists of glands which secrete various types of hormones to regulate body functions. It also includes the information system which communicates hormone needs between different organs and systems. An endocrine stimulant acts to increase the action of some or all of the endocrine system.

ESTROGENIC

While estrogen is a necessary female hormone, too much estrogen is associated with several unwanted things including breast and cervical cancers.

EXPECTORANT

Promotes removal of mucus from the body.

FEBRIFUGE

An agent that controls fever, keeping it at optimum levels for killing microbes but not too high.

FUNGICIDAL

A substance that acts against fungal infections.

GALACTAGOGUE

Induces the flow of milk in nursing mothers.

HEMOSTATIC

Inhibits or stops bleeding and hemorrhage.

HEPATIC

Acts on the liver to balance and to cleanse.

HISTAMINIC

Histamine is part of the body’s natural response to foreign pathogens. When our immune systems are out of balance, an over-reaction can occur. A substance that is antihistaminic neutralizes the action of histamine or inhibits its over-production in the body.

HORMONAL

An agent that brings the hormone levels of the body back into balance.

HYPO/HYPER-TENSOR

Stabilizes the blood pressure, whether the blood pressure is too high or too low.

IMMUNOSTIMULANT

Stimulates the action of the immune system.

INSECTICIDE

Agents and substances that control insects.

LAXATIVE

Substances that induce bowel movements or loosen the stool.

LYMPHATIC DECONGESTANT

A substance that cleanses and drains the lymph.

MENSTRUAL REGULATOR

Substances that balance the hormones and regulate the timing of the menstrual cycle.

MUCOLYTIC

Agents that liquefy mucous and help the body carry it off.

MUSCLE RELAXANT

Relaxes the muscles and calms cramping sensations.

NEURALGIC

Neuralgics help heal the nerves and quiet spasmodic pain that runs along the nerves.

NEURO-MUSCULAR

A neuro-muscular agent aids the healing of a muscle and the nerves that feed it.

NERVINE

Acts on the nerves; relieves nervous disorders.

PARASITES

Micro-organisms that form a dependent symbiotic relationship with the host organism or body. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi are examples of parasites. They may live within the body or on the skin surfaces.

PECTORAL

Beneficial for diseases or conditions of the chest and respiratory system.

PUTRESCENT

The decay, decomposition,and breakdown of tissues, usually with festering and infection.

PROSTATE DECONGESTANT

Decongests and strengthens the function of the prostate.

REGENERATIVE

Aids in the re-creation of lost or damaged tissue.

RESTORATIVE

Stimulant for nerves and adrenal cortex.

REVITALIZER

Providing energy and health to the body and mind.

RHEUMATISM/RHEUMATIC

Having to do with the pain or the cause of painful joint disorders.

RUBEFACIENT

Dilates and opens the capillaries, improving circulation to the extremities and to the skin.

SCLEROSIS

The hardening of cells and tissues (example: multiple sclerosis, hardening of nerves in the central nervous system—brain and spinal cord).

SEBORRHEA

Excessive secretion of the microscopic glands (sebaceous) which lubricate the skin and hair.

SEDATIVE

Reduces mental excitement or physical activity.

SOPORIFIC

Induces, or tends to induce, sleep and relaxation.

STIMULANT

Increases the function of an organ or body system; increases alertness or wakefulness.

STYPTIC

An astringent that promotes the contracting of tissues and blood vessels for the control of bleeding.

STOMACHIC

Good for the stomach; gastric tonic, digestive aid.

SUDORIFIC

Produces a sweat or a “healthy” germ-killing fever.

TONIC

Invigorates, refreshes, and restores bodily functions.

TRANQUILIZING

Relieving anxiety or tension; promoting calm.

VASOCONSTRICTOR

Causes the blood vessels to contract; slows blood flow through capillaries.

VERMIFUGE

Expels intestinal worms; antiparasitic.

VULNERARY

Promotes the healing of wounds and sores by external application.

WARMING

Increases overall circulation and the movement of energy throughout the body.

 

Disclaimer

This information is for educational purposes only, it is not intended to treat, cure, prevent or, diagnose any disease or condition. Nor is it intended to prescribe in any way. This information is for educational purposes only and may not be complete, nor may its data be accurate.

As with all essential oils, never use them undiluted. Do not take internally unless working with a qualified and expert practitioner. Keep away from children. If applying an essential oil to your skin always perform a small patch test to an insensitive part of the body (after you have properly diluted the oil in an appropriate carrier.

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