Essential Oil by Plant Family

Essential Oil Fragrance

It can be educational and informative to place essential oils in the plant family from which they are derived to study them. Plants are classified according to the structure of their flowers but this classification goes beyond the flower itself to include leaf and seed structure, similar rhythm (time of year, etc.,) and similar chemical composition.

In homeopathy and other philosophies, the physical nature of plants and their interactions with the environment have been noted to correlate with their medicinal properties. A type of therapeutic activity is attributed to each botanical family and the variations within it, and this approach seems to be quite accurate and very informative. This type of classification—therapeutic qualities determined by plant family—is amazingly consistent with the more traditional systems of herbal and aromatherapy where each plant stands alone and is studied individually. I have found that careful observation of a plant’s structure, the environment in which it lives, and how it produces it’s fruits and flowers can tell me much about its medicinal properties and uses.

Classification of essential oils by botanical families tells more about their therapeutic activity than a simple alphabetical listing. Unless you understand botanical families well, however, having only a botanical listing can be cumbersome and annoying.

BOTANICAL CLASSES AND FAMILIES

SUBDIVISION: GYMNOSPERM

CLASS: CONIFERAE

FAMILY: CUPRESSACEAE

Essential Oils: cypress, juniper berry, laurel, thuja

Description: conifer cypress family

Affinity For: endocrine, nervous, and respiratory systems, hormone balance Effects: reviving, tonic, warming, restorative

Properties and Uses: anti-arthritic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, mucolytic, nervine

FAMILY: PINACEAE

Essential Oils: fir, pine, spruce, balsam, cedarwood

Description: conifers with male and female cones

Affinity For: nervous, respiratory, and endocrine systems, hormone balance, oxygenating

Effects: reviving, tonic, warming, restorative

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, calming, tonic, restorative, reviving, warming

Members of the coniferae class of plants all have an affinity for the central and governing meridian, referred to as the Air Element (#0). In the eastern tradition they are considered to bring light and inner warmth. This botanical class is imposing in its simplicity; everything is structured around the central vertical trunk.

Conifers are noted for their longevity. A coniferous forest shelters and protects its creatures and appears immortal and eternal. An outstanding characteristic of conifers is their ability to maintain their foliage through cold winters. They possess an inner fire and stability which is indicative of their therapeutic uses. Conifer oils give a feeling of protection and safety.

One of their major influences in the body is on the nervous system, and they are especially effective when taken in through the lungs. Interestingly, conifer oils are often used for arthritis.

SUBDIVISION: ANGIOSPERM

CLASS: MONOCOTYLEDONS GRAMINAE

Essential Oils: citronella, gingergrass, lemongrass, litsea cubeba, palmarosa, vetiver

Description: nutritious grasses, used for food and as ground covers

Affinity For: cardiovascular, respiratory, lymphatic, urinary, and digestive systems, skin

Effects: air purifier, calming, hydrating, refreshing, sedative

Properties and Uses: air purifier, antiseptic, nervine, digestive tonic

A large majority of the plants which are considered ground covers or grasses belong to the Graminae family. The graminae species is considered, in both herbal medicine and eastern tradition, to be the nutritious family. From the poles to the equator, from the swamps to the deserts, this family shows an amazing adaptability and diversity. Graminae’s ability to cover huge areas, spreading very quickly, denotes great strength. This strength lies in its powerful root systems, which form an intricate network that efficiently utilize and incorporate nutrients from the soil of its environment into itself.

This family doesn’t spend much energy producing flowers but its leaves and seeds are a gift to the animal kingdom. Essential oils distilled from this family are a gift of grounding, strength, and nutrition to us. The plants of this family, though having few flowers, develop very distinctive fragrances. There is often a scent reminiscent of freshly cut hay. There is also fresh, green, lemony, slightly rosy fragrances. The subtleties vary from plant to plant and becomes quite pronounced in the concentrated essential oils. Oils in this family are used for stimulation of the digestive system, as diuretics, for disinfection, and for pest and parasite control.

ZINGIBERACEAE

Essential Oils: cardamom, ginger, turmeric

Description: rhizomatous herbs

Affinity For: digestive, endocrine, circulatory, and immune systems, muscles, bones

Effects: stimulant, warming, tonic

Properties and Uses: Analgesic, antioxidant, antiviral, aphrodisiac, febrifuge. Plants from this family have been used as spices for thousands of years in India and China. References to them are found in writings from the middle ages. All members of this family have an impact on the entire body, physically through the organs and systems and energetically through the meridians and chakras. There is, however, a particularly affinity for the digestive system.

As with the mints, these essential oils can be both a stimulant and an analgesic depending on the needs of the body and the quantity of oil used. All essential oils of this family impact the base chakra and the core of our beings. These oils are extremely potent and should always be used sparingly or in a blend with other mild or stabilizing essential oils.

SUBDIVISION: ANGIOSPERM

CLASS: DICOTYLEDONS ACORACEAE

Essential Oils: calamus

Description: cooling, soothing

Affinity For: digestive system, brain function

Effects: nervine, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, general tonic

Properties and Uses: Calamus essential oil has been classified as belonging to the Araceae family, but recent studies have led to the conclusion that it should be placed in its own family. Although not all experts agree, many now list calamus as belonging to the Acoraceae family which is composed of a single genus called Acorus. Only Acorus calamus and one or two other species of Acorus are included in the genus. It is claimed that calamus will keep people young and improve their overall health. This oil is new to the market and it is very strong, so care should be taken with its use.

ANONACEAE

Essential Oils: ylang ylang

Description: shrubs, trees, climbers, fragrant flowers (mostly tropical)

Affinity For: adrenals, thymus, nerves, extreme states of fire and water meridians

Effects: sedative to the nerves, balancing, antidepressant

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, aphrodisiac, nervine, sedative

Ylang ylang means, literally, “flower of flowers.” The oil is distilled from the beautiful yellow flowers. This is a very delicate process. When purchasing, you will note that there are many gradients listed. The “complete” is considered most therapeutic, although some of the other grades are quite good.

Ylang ylang is one of the most important oils for balancing the male-female energies of the body but is not considered hormonal in a way that is balancing and harmonious. (Please see ylang ylang in the single oil descriptions).

BURSERACEAE (DRY FIRE)

Essential Oils: elemi, frankincense, myrrh, opoponax, and palo santo

Description: resinous tropical timber trees

Affinity For: respiratory system, particularly secretions; emotional balance

Effects: cooling, drying, fortifying

Properties and Uses: anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, antiseptic, cytophylactic, expectorant, tonic

This family is considered to be dry fire in the eastern tradition. The oils in this family are strengthening to all of the meridians. Myrrh has a particular affinity for the metal (#4) element, while frankincense and palo santo are particularly effective at grounding our energies to the physical, more earthly (element #5) aspects of life.

This botanical family grows in desert and tropical areas, in some of the most extreme climates imaginable. The sun’s rays burn hot in these areas and these oils act in a drying manner against congestive ailments such as bronchitis, coughs, and pleurisy and in a cooling manner when fever is involved. These essential oils are especially useful in diseases related to over secretion and inflammation.

In the desert, life is harsh and elemental. It takes great strength to exist and flourish there. This strength of purpose and character is reflected in the emotional healing qualities of these oils. They are soothing and comforting to the soul and they encourage us to find our own inner strength. For centuries, myrrh, frankincense, and palo santo have been used in religious ceremonies.

BETULACEAE

Essential Oils: birch

Description: shrubs, trees

Affinity For: muscles, joints, nerves, urinary and lymphatic systems

Effects: lymph draining, pain relief

Properties and Uses: analgesic (strongly), anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, lymphatic decongestant, diuretic, purifying

Birch is the only oil of this family that is produced in quantity. Wintergreen oil, from a different botanical family altogether, is quite similar to birch as far as constituents go, although the amounts of the individual components vary a great deal.

Birch and wintergreen, from different plant species, contain large amounts of methyl salicylate. This ingredient is considered by many “experts” to be toxic, which is absolute nonsense when taking a naturally occurring (not man-made) plant product.

CISTACEAE

Essential Oils: cistus (labdanum)

Description: low, herbaceous shrub

Affinity For: lymphatic, urinary, respiratory, immune systems, nerves, skin

Effects: calming, fortifying, healing

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant

This small family of plants is known for its ability to regrow rapidly after a wildfire has destroyed its natural habitat. This ability is reflected in the ability of cistus essential oil (the only member of this plant family that is commonly produced as an essential oil) to aid us in rebuilding and reconnecting emotionally after traumatic events or losses.

Physically, cistus has traditionally been used in the treatment of wounds, abrasions, boils, and in the treatment of skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema.

Cistus is referred to specifically in ancient texts and is believed to be the “rose of sharon”.

COMPOSITAE

Essential Oils: arnica, blue tansy, all of the chamomiles, davana, goldenrod, helichrysum, Idaho tansy, tagette, tarragon, yarrow, and wormwood

Description: largest family of flowering plants, flowers are usually yellow

Affinity For: digestive, urinary, and nervous systems, tissues, skin

Effects: structural alignment, regenerative, adaptive, soothing (Because of the tremendous variety of plants within this family, there is a wide range of therapeutic properties and not all plants in this family are healing.)

Properties and Uses: This well-structured and varied family is considered in eastern thought to strengthen the spiritual aspects of one’s goals and the organization of one’s life and mission, as well as the physical structure of the body. The compositaes constitute the largest botanical family and grow all over the world in profuse abundance. Members of this family grow from seashores to mountain tops, from deserts to swamps. They all seem to have a love of open spaces and crave exposure to light.

Like the plants themselves, the therapeutic action of this family shows a great diversity; there seems to be a plant and an essential oil with an affinity for every organ or system of the body. It is almost impossible to categorize this large and varied family except to note that no matter what element or organ a particular oil may have the most affinity for, it is the yin side of that element that will be most benefited. The theme of this family, and the action of the essential oils, is the return of perfect balance and harmony to all aspects of the body and the soul.

ERICACEAE

Essential Oils: anthopogon, ledum, benzoin, wintergreen

Description: shrubs and small trees with leathery evergreen leaves

Affinity For: cardiovascular, digestive, and immune systems, ligaments, bones

Effects: detoxifying, pain relief

Properties and Uses: cytophylactic, antispasmodic, hepatic (acts on the liver), choloagogue (flow of bile, digestion of fats), immunostimulant, tonic, hypotensive

There is a newcomer to the essential oil world from Nepal, anthopogon (called just anthopogon). This is a remarkable oil, with research backing up its immune stimulant and anti-cancer claims.

The theme of this entire family is resistance to disease and environmental pollutants and increased strength in the entire system. Perhaps this can be attributed to an affinity for the base and crown chakras. It is as though they strengthen the energetic connections between these two chakras, aiding energy flow up and down through the body. Essential oils from this family are high in sesquiterpenes and help break down fat in the liver. They are very supportive of the fire element (meridians #5 and #6).

FABACEAE (ALSO CALLED LEGUMINOSAE)

Essential Oils: fenugreek, cabreuva

Description: third largest family of flowering plants on our planet with nearly 20,000 species

Affinity For: digestive and respiratory systems

Effects: cooling

Properties and Uses: anti-inflammatory, cicatrisant (wound healing), corticosteriod, emollient, expectorant, antiseptic, sudorific

Many of these species are nutritionally, therapeutically, and economically important to mankind. There are a great many medicinal plants in this family and there is an astonishing variability in structure among the plants from which the essential oils are distilled. This variability is reflected in the therapeutic properties of the essential oils. These oils are excellent sources of iron, silicon, sodium, and thiamine. You do not need to ingest an essential oil to reap the nutritional benefits—in fact, I strongly caution against doing so, especially with these particular oils!

GERANIACEAE

Essential Oils: geranium, rose geranium

Description: herbs and low shrubs

Affinity For: digestive, urinary, endocrine, lymphatic systems, hormones, nerves, skin

Effects: balancing—nerves and endocrine system especially

Properties and Uses: astringent, antiseptic, antidepressant, diuretic, regenerative, antispasmodic, hemostatic, cicatrisant (wound healing), cytophylactic (tissue rebuilding), styptic, vulnerary, vermifuge

The geranium species has been cultivated into many sub-species and can be made to produce a wide variety of chemotypes. There are geranium oils that imitate the burning heat of plants containing thymols.

Geraniums show strong adaptability and the expected immunostimulant properties that adaptability indicates. These oils are astringent and diuretic, among other properties, and useful for diabetes, kidney stones, wounds, and burn care. In the emotional realm they are used for depression and stress management. Geraniums have a particular affinity for the heart and triple warmer meridians. These two meridians are the yang portions of element #5 and #6.

LABIATAE

Essential Oils: basil, chaste tree, clary sage, hyssop, lavender, marjoram, melissa, mountain savory, oregano, patchouli, rosemary, spanish sage, and thyme. The mints are a sub-species of Labiatae.

Description: largest oil producing family—oils are usually non-toxic, non-hazardous; herbs, low shrubs

Affinity For: digestive and respiratory systems

Effects: calming, strengthening, toning, and a wide variety of others according to the specific plant

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, diuretic, expectorant, emmenagogue, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, digestive, expectorant, febrifuge, hypertensive, nervine, antiviral, both sedative and stimulants, antidepressant, aphrodisiac (some), nervine, tissue regenerative

Labiatae are considered plants of heat. Every one of them is warming to the body and the spirit. All members of the labiatae family balance yang energy Each member of this family has an affinity for a particular element / meridian or two. All members of the labiatae family have some known healing attributes that are being used around the world by different cultures and people. In addition many labiatae are culinary herbs, which indicates their strong affinity for digestive and metabolic processes as well as respiration and blood formation. There are no bland, gloomy, or narcotic oils in this family.

These plants adapt well to changes in their environment which is indicative of their immunostimulant properties. They are often used for conditions of weakness and for bringing increased vitality to organs and body systems. Essential oils from this plant family should be considered for anemia, digestive problems, respiratory problems, and diabetes. They are often employed by healers and those who are overly sensitive to the environment and the energy of others.

MINTS (SUB-SPECIES OF LABIATAE)

Essential Oils: catnip, peppermint, spearmint, pennyroyal

Description: rhizomatous perennial herbaceous subspecies of the Labiatae family

Affinity For: digestive and respiratory systems, metabolism, teeth and gums, nerves

Effects: warming and cooling

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, cytophylactic, decongestant, antifungal, antidepressant, nervine, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, stimulant, calmative. Other common uses include confusion, mental and physical fatigue, pain, digestive problems, motion sickness, poor circulation, nerve regeneration, and loss of memory.

The members of the mint family, both as herbs and as essential oils, have the distinction of being both warming and cooling. They can act in the capacity of stimulants and revitalizers or they can be used to produce a calming, even analgesic, effect. In the essential oils and herbals of this family, whether it will act as a stimulant or a nervine depends on the quantities used and the frequency of the applications. Aromatically, a little bit calms and relaxes the nerves, while larger quantities refresh and stimulate. Peppermint is often used by long-haul truck drivers and others to maintain alertness and stay awake. (This really works!)

Topically, the mints relieve pain, but they do this in part by increasing circulation and healing to the area while also acting as an analgesic. In eastern traditions, increasing circulation is a “warming” application, while relieving pain is considered a “cooling” function. There are about 20 members of the mint family, only a few of which are being utilized as essential oils at this time.

LAURACEAE

Essential Oils: camphor, cassia, cinnamon bark, cinnamon berry, howood, laurel, ravensara, rosewood, sugandha kokila

Description: trees and shrubs with evergreen leaves and aromatic oils

Affinity For: cardiovascular, circulatory, immune, lymphatic, and nervous systems, hormones, skin

Effects: warming, stimulating, regulating, regenerating

Properties and Uses: antifungal, antiviral, antibiotic, analgesic, antiseptic, relaxant, immune tonic, antidepressant, aphrodisiac, analgesic

Though members of the same botanical family, cinnamon and rosewood are, in more than just aroma, very dissimilar. Cinnamon is one of the oldest spices of which we have recorded use, and has been renowned for centuries for its medicinal value. Cinnamon oil is a stimulant to circulatory, cardiac, and pulmonary functions. Rosewood, on the other side of the scale in this family, does not have any dramatic curative powers, but do not mistake mildness for ineffectiveness. Rosewood, rather than being slightly caustic to skin and mucous membranes, is valued for its tissue regeneration properties. It is even said to slow the aging process when applied to the skin.

The plants of this species are widely divergent but a common theme among them seems to be their antifungal properties.

LILLICEAE

Essential Oils: garlic

Description: extremely varied family—includes everything from onions and garlic through asparagus and hyacinths

Affinity For: digestive and immune systems

Effects: warming

Properties and Uses: antibiotic, antibacterial, antifungal

Garlic and onion are the most common essential oils in use from this family and their use is quite rare. Garlic, in the world of herbal medicine, is considered to be nature’s most perfect antibiotic. Garlic oil should be used with extreme caution and always diluted very well!

MYRISTICACEAE

Essential Oils: nutmeg

Description: produces a watery, blood-like exudate, found throughout the tropics

Affinity For: digestive, nervous, endocrine, and immune systems, joints, muscles

Effects: emotionally stabilizing, warming, stimulating

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, antiparasitic, cerebral, and circulatory stimulant

The most outstanding characteristic of this family is emotional stability and increase in energy. The possible symbolism of the blood-like exudate intrigues me greatly. Does it denote death and resurrection into a new and better life? There is a connection here to the rekindling of a lost passion for life, and the lifting of the weight of the world off one’s shoulders, that characterizes the emotional properties of nutmeg essential oil.

MYRTACEAE

Essential Oils: allspice, bay, cajeput, clove, eucalyptus, kanuka, myrtle, niaouli, tea tree

Description: An interesting fact about the plants and trees of this family is that, while there are no mild plants among them, there are also no poisonous plants to be found here. Among this diverse family are plants which have very hard woods, strong leaves, intense flowers, and others that produce strong, sugary fruits and/or pungent spices.

Affinity For: respiratory, digestive, lymphatic, urinary, and immune systems

Effects: balances all elements (earth, air, fire, water, and the metals and woods that spring from them), warming, toning, stimulating

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, strongly antiviral, analgesic, antispasmodic,
expectorant, antifungal, antiparasitic, neuralgic, sedative, strengthens and balances energy

Traditional philosophy and usage claims that this family brings balance to and between all of the meridians/elements and all of the chakras. These plants are powerful healers. Plants of this family grow in every tropical region of the world. They have learned to survive and thrive amidst the most powerful forces of earth, water, and heat found on the planet. Just as the plants themselves are robust and strong, the aromas of the essential oils are strong and pungent.

The scope of action of myrtaceae includes metabolism, the energy centers (Chakras), the meridians, and the lungs. They are effective for respiratory diseases, metabolic or energetic imbalances, and helping us to be more resistant to disease.

Each essential oil is unique in fragrance and therapeutic usage. You would not be likely to suspect from their aroma that they are members of the same plant family. Eucalyptus is such a potent and versatile oil that it is regarded in Australia, and even other parts of the world, as useful for nearly everything imaginable—a real cure-all.

Many of the essential oils in this family actually become more antiseptic and therapeutic as they age.

OLEACEAE

Essential Oils: jasmines

Description: varied trees or shrubs

Affinity For: respiratory and endocrine systems, hormone balance

Effects: calming, soothing, uplifting

Properties and Uses: antidepressant, stimulant, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, sedative; use for anxiety, depression, sexual dysfuntion, stress

The theme of this family seems to center around utilizing your own inner strength and innate capability to move yourself forward in new directions and in the accomplishment of long-held dreams and goals.

This family of plants includes many species that are recognized for their heady fragrances.

This family also includes the olive and plants that are renowned for their tough woods.

ORCHIDACEAE

Essential Oils: vanilla

Description: second largest family of flowering plants

Affinity For: immune system, hormone balance, nerves

Effects: calming, uplifting

Properties and Uses: Although this family is very large, vanilla is the only commonly used essential oil. The general theme of this family seems to be the ability to look forward to the future with hope and confidence.

PIPERACEAE

Essential Oils: black pepper, green pepper (both are Piper nigrum)

Description: the pepper family consists of small trees and shrubs and some climbers

Affinity For: cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, and nervous systems, muscles

Effects: warming, heating, stimulating, drying, tonic

Properties and Uses: analgesic, antiseptic, expectorant, febrifuge, digestive, rubefacient, diurectic, laxative, muscle relaxant, anti-inflammatory, circulatory stimulant

There are over 3,000 species in the pepper family, but only the Piper nigrum is used in essential oil production. The differences in green pepper and black pepper essential oil are brought about by the difference in harvest times. Both are stimulating to the system and balance the yang energies, particularly those affecting the heart. Piper nigrum addresses the cores issues of feeling sufficiently strong within ourselves to reach out and bless the lives of others.

ROSACEAE

Essential Oils: rose

Description: trees, shrubs, herbs, and some edible fruits—such as almond

Affinity For: cardiovascular, digestive, genito-urinary, and nervous system, heart charka, yin energy

Effects: uplifting, toning

Properties and Uses: aphrodisiac, antiseptic, stimulant, emollient, nervine, cytophylactic, hemostatic

Rose essential oil has the highest frequency of any of the oils. Growing conditions and the type of roses used affect the finished essential oil in many ways. Rose essential oil is often diluted or adulterated because of the expense involved in its production. The result does not have the expected high frequency of rose and is, of course, not as therapeutic. It is much better to buy a little bit of pure rose oil, and use it sparingly. A single drop of rose oil in a carrier is all that you will need for most applications. The frequency of rose and its amazing volatility makes the aroma alone highly therapeutic. Rose oil is specific to the female reproductive system and the heart chakra; the high frequency of this oil raises the frequency of every body system.

RUTACEAE WITH THE CENUS OF CITRUS

Essential Oils: bergamot, clementine, grapefruit, lemon, lime, mandarin, neroli, orange, petitgrain, tangerine, zanthoxylum

Description: aromatic trees and shrubs

Affinity For: digestive, urinary, cardiovascular, lymphatic, and nervous systems, skin, tissues, muscles, solar plexus chakra

Effects: cooling, refreshing, secretions (fruits), calming, sedative (flowers), uplifting

Properties and Uses: antibacterial, antidepressant, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, sedative, tonic, astringent, cicatrisive, analgesic, anti-inflammatory

Most of the large and complex rutaceae species grow in mild tropical areas. They display beautiful abundant flowers which are shaped like symmetrical stars. They have delicious, exhilarating fragrances. Essential oils are produced from the bark, the fruit, and the flower, in different instances. The part of the plant used and the time of year that the plants are harvested greatly affects the therapeutic qualities of the essential oil produced. This makes this family of essential oils very versatile.

Varying members of this family are strengthening to different elements and chakras. All of them seem to affect the energy of the solar plexus chakra. The solar plexus chakra radiates a generous, giving light. This light glows, in varying degrees, from each of us. Balance in this chakra makes us radiant, generous, confident, outgoing, and gives us vibrant physical health.

The general therapeutic characteristics of this family are in the maintenance of fluid levels and warmth in the tissues of the body. The oils produced from flowers are cooling, refreshing, and sedating; the fruits exert control over liquid processes and secretions. Petitgrain, distilled from orange bitter leaves and twigs, is a sedative to the nervous system and an intellectual stimulant.

SANTALACEAE

Essential Oils: various species of sandalwood

Description: herbs, shrubs, and tress which are semiparasitic on either the roots or stems of other plants

Affinity For: digestive, genito-urinary, respiratory, and nervous systems, solar plexus chakra

Effects: balancing, calming, grounding

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, antidepressant, diuretic, tonic, aphrodisiac, astringent, emollient

Sandalwood (Santalum album) is considered sacred in India. Sandalwood essential oil contains a high percentage of sesquiterpenes, which cross the blood/brain barrier, carrying oxygen and nutrients to the brain. Sesquiterpene-rich essential oils such as sandalwood are also said to go into the DNA of the cell and unlock emotional trauma. Sandalwood is a very “warm” oil. It is loved by most people because it opens the mind and heart to feelings of contentment and well-being. Breathe sandalwood in deeply, and if it is a good one, you will feel the center of the chest (solar plexus chakra) open immediately and expand emotionally. A wonderful oil! Only patchouli and cedarwood essential oils have a higher percentage of sesquiterpenes than sandalwood oil. Frankincense, which is the best known of the essential oils for its sesquiterpene content and the therapeutic properties that are the result, actually has a much lower percent of sequiterpenes than sandalwood, patchouli, and cedarwood.

 

UMBILLIFERAE (APIACEAE)

Essential Oils: ajowan, anethi, angelica, anise, cilantro, coriander, cumin, caraway, carrot seed, celery seed, cumin, dill, fennel, galbanum, parsley

Description: Plants of the Air Element (#0)—Central and Governing Meridian

Affinity For: digestive, respiratory, and endocrine systems

Effects: elimination or excretion from cells or systems, calming

Properties and Uses: expectorant, tonic, antioxidant, diuretic, regenerative

The plants of this species have large, hollow, airy spaces in their stems, seeds, and roots. These essential oils have an affinity for the respiratory system, the intestinal areas of the digestive system, and glandular system. They are considered outstanding tissue regenerators. This is especially true of cumin, fennel, celery, and parsley, which are all produced from seeds. Each plant as an herbal remedy and each essential oil derived from plants of this family has a special affinity for a particular body organ or system.

VALERIANACEAE

Essential Oils: valerian, spikenard

Description: herbal, roots are often used medicinally

Affinity For: nervous and immune systems

Effects: calming

Properties and Uses: antiseptic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, calmative, sedative, analgesic

Oils in this family are calming and strengthening to the nervous system. They have a positive effect on the root and base chakras, making them effective for intestinal and reproductive issues. These two oils help us meet our emotional needs by calming the fears that reside in the root and base chakras. We can see more clearly and accept more openly the kindness, love, and respect of those around us.

Disclaimer

This information is for educational purposes only, it is not intended to treat, cure, prevent or, diagnose any disease or condition. Nor is it intended to prescribe in any way. This information is for educational purposes only and may not be complete, nor may its data be accurate.

As with all essential oils, never use them undiluted. Do not take internally unless working with a qualified and expert practitioner. Keep away from children. If applying an essential oil to your skin always perform a small patch test to an insensitive part of the body (after you have properly diluted the oil in an appropriate carrier.

 

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