Remedy for Sun Damaged and Hyperpigmentated (Dark Spots) Skin

29/11/2013 admin DIY Recipes



Hello again, I have been flooded with numerous queries lately on ” skin whitening” remedies, ever since our DIY recipes for face, hair and body care postings. This drove me to dive into the numerous researches that had and continues to be conducted by many for a “natural” means to “whiten” the colour of the skin.

In Asia, flawless milky-white skin has long been a mark of beauty. Today, cosmetics that clarify and even tones in the skin as well as lighten the color are known as whiteners, and are indispensable to the daily beauty regimen.

Most whiteners work to inhibit and control melanin production, which enables them to help prevent tanning and lighten freckles and other dark spots. When alpha hydroxyl acids are included, whiteners also help to clear blemishes.

Skin lightening, depending on the area you want lightened and what your specific problems are, may be performed piece by piece or all at once. If you want drastic change in a large area of skin, you should always consult with a doctor.

Before I get on with the recipe for a “Skin Brightening” skin care recipe using essential oils, let’s explore the cause or factor that determines the colour of our skins.

What’s Tyrosinase (Tyrosine + ase)

Tyrosine – Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid made by the body that is a building block for several important neurotransmitters like epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine. (these all help nerve cells communicate and perform several individually important functions as well…but that’s another topic.) This amino acid is involved in every protein of the body, especially in the hormone secreting and regulating organs…so we need quite a bit of it!

The reason we are concerned with Tyrosine in the skin care world is that it helps produce melanin (the pigment responsible for hair and skin color.)

Pigment (or melanin as we estheticians like to call it) is vital in protecting our skin from excess UV radiation. Antioxidants work to support this first line of defense, but because they are used so frequently in the body – we are often depleted. This is why we hear so much about the importance of antioxidant supplementation topically and internally. It’s true. Eat as many antioxidants as you can! They are found in every fruit and vegetable, especially in the skins (the darker or brighter the skin color, the more antioxidants.) Also, adding Vitamins A and C to your skin care routine allows the skin to absorb and use these powerhouse antioxidants before the rest of the body can steal them away.

ase – refers to any enzyme

Tyrosinase, therefore is an enzyme of plant and animal (and human) tissues responsible for the production of melanin and other pigments from tyrosine by oxidation, as in the blackening of a peeled or sliced potato exposed to air…or in our case – skin hyperpigmenting. For example: if the tyrosine in a banana is responsible for the green and yellow color of the peel, tyrosinase is responsible for causing that peel to oxidize and turn brown. If tyrosine is responsible for skin pigmentation, tyrosinase is responsible for hyperpigmentation.


Don’t Blame it all on the Sun

The sun is responsible for most skin hyper-pigmentation, hence the nickname “sun damage.” But don’t blame it all on the sun. Stress, hormones, diet and inflammation from any trauma can all cause skin hyperpigmentation. Melasma, for example, is almost always caused by something other than the sun.

Remember at the beginning of this post when I mentioned tyrosine being important in hormone regulation? You can hyper-pigment from any kind of stress on the body, especially when that stress is caused by a hormonal fluctuation or imbalance. Ever hear of the “mask of pregnancy” or someone hyperpigmenting from their birth control medication? Aha! Yes hormones play a big role in the way your skin regulates pigment production.

Well what about stress? Well, there are two stress hormones: epinephrine and norepinephrine, that are both dependent on Tyrosine. When you become stressed, cortisol rises and Tyrosinase is used to produce more of these stress hormones. Because your body cannot distinguish between the stress of a life threatening emergency and the stress over a final exam, it responds in the same way regardless of the circumstance. Stressing on a regular basis, therefore, depletes your body and could lead to issues with skin hyperpigmentation (among many other unpleasant skin issues.)

A tyrosinase inhibitor will help prevent the overproduction of this enzyme, and hopefully help prevent hyperpigmentation of your skin. There are synthetic tyrosinase inhibitors, like hydroquinone – but we will be focusing on the natural varieties because Nature’s Body Shop believes natural is always better for the body than synthetic.

The skin is smart and will find a way around most of these inhibitors, which means that they will not be effective long term if you do not stop the source of the imbalance. In most cases the source is hormone imbalance, stress, sun overexposure, sugar/synthetics in the diet, too much caffeine or lack of antioxidants.

Note: Hydroquinone – A very effective tyrosinase and melanin inhibitor, it works better than most other reasonably safe products. However, it is a suspected carcinogen and has been banned in Asia and Europe, and in many African countries.

Danger Signs – What To Watch Out For

If you have severe pigmentation for a long period of time, speak to a doctor. This could be a sign of a much more serious medical condition.

Be very wary of unbranded or off-brand makeup or cosmetics, particularly if they’re imported from a third-world country. These products may have coloring agents or bleaching agents that are harmful or even toxic. Use makeup sparingly if at all or better still, switch to natural alternatives or home made make up :).

Remember that some drugs like birth control pills and sleeping pills can cause pigmentation; the effects of these drugs should stop when you quit taking them, and you should only treat pigmentation problems they cause under the orders of a doctor.


Keep Your Skin White By Preventing Melanin Production

You can do more than just use skin whitening agents and go to a dermatologist to keep your skin white and healthy. The cause of skin darkening is melanin, which protects you from the sun, but which also makes you darker.

Some people produce more melanin than they really need for protection from the sun; and with others, chemicals, pollutants, and excessive UV exposure can cause a sudden overload of melanin. Even some cosmetics and perfume can cause an overload. Melanin production can be affected by hormonal changes as well, like those caused by pregnancy or oral contraceptives.

Some ways to discourage melanin production include the following:

  • Always wear a sunscreen, especially during pregnancy or when you take oral contraceptives.
  • Wear clothing that protects you from the sun, like a hat, loose sleeves, etc.
  • Stay in the shade during intense sunlight, especially between 10 am and 2 pm.
  • Keep your skin’s circulation healthy. Chemicals in cigarette smoke can inhibit circulation. Exercise can improve it, even just a little extra walking.
  • Eat and drink in a healthy way – lots of fruits and vegetables, and lots of water. Vitamins A, C, and E keep your skin conditioned, and you can get these from leafy green vegetables, bright red and yellow fruits and vegetables, and whole grains and nuts.
  • Water keeps your skin hydrated, and encourages healthy circulation.
  • Keep your skin gently cleansed, and use warm (not hot) water to open your pores.
  • Gently exfoliate and then moisturize your skin every day.

The most common skin concerns for Caucasian men and women are fine lines and wrinkles, acne breakouts, loss of skin elasticity, sensitivity and dry, dehydrated skin. However, for darker shades of skin, hyperpigmentation is the most common problem and is often referred to as dark spots, dark marks, uneven skin tone and melasma.

Hyperpigmented skin is quick to develop dark spots and dark marks – from vigorous scrubbing, squeezing blackheads, sun exposure and even exfoliating.The following is a recipe to repair sun damaged skin, please bear in mind that the following ingredients will help in bringing back an even skin tone and has natural and mild bleaching properties which aids in gently lightening the tone of hyperpigmentation of the skin.

I have split the recipes for night and day use as certain essential oils like lemon, bergamot and other citrus oils are photo-sensitizing and if you are to apply them, stay away from direct sunlight as it would only darken the skin further.

Aroma Therapy

Skin Brightening – Day Use:


Carrier Oils

Essential Oils

Method: Blend in all oils into a dark-coloured glass bottle (do not use plastic) and lastly blend in the Aloe Vera Gel. Store in cool and dark place. Not necessary to place in the refrigerator as Vitamin E stands in as a natural preservative.

Application: Cleanse skin using oil cleansing method. Apply any toner (Cucumber or Rose distillate would be ideal). Using a dropper drop 5-7 drops on your palm and gently massage onto face and neck.

Skin Brightening – Night Use:


Carrier Oils

Essential Oils

Method: Blend in all oils into a dark-coloured glass bottle (do not use plastic) and lastly blend in the Aloe Vera Gel. Store in cool and dark place. Not necessary to place in the refrigerator as Vitamin E stands in as a natural preservative.

Application: Cleanse skin using oil cleansing method. Apply any toner (Cucumber Distillate or Rose Distillate would be ideal). Using a dropper drop 5-7 drops on your palm and gently massage onto face and neck.

The recipe provided above will even out your skin tone while giving you a beautiful glow. Avoid use of synthetic materials or combining your chemical-laden products along with this oil. Switch to Oil Cleansing Method to cleanse your skin gently instead of your regular soap based cleansers. With essential oils, less is more. You do not get more benefit by adding more of an oil. Essential oils are potent and are to be treated with respect.

Brightening & Anti- Acne Oils Cleansing  Combo Recipe

For oil cleansing method, try this following combo:

Method: Rinse face with warm (NOT HOT) water. Combine all oils and gently massage face and neck. You don’t need a makeup remover, this would do the trick. If you have a heater, run some warm water over a face towel and place wet towel on face to melt the oils, then gently wipe (don’t rub hard) face and neck. Rinse and repeat till all residue of all is removed.Splash some cold water onto face.

If you don’t have a heater at home, no problem, place some warm water in a bowl, soak 5-6 facial cotton in it.Take one at a time, squeeze out water and wipe face. If your face still feels oily after wiping, then the water is not warm enough. Make sure water is warm enough to remove the oils. If oils are not removed properly, you will only end up clogging your pores further. But if done correctly, the skin will be left soft and supple with no trace of oil.

Brightening Face Mask Recipe


  • 2 – 3 Tsp Bentonite Clay (Oily Skin) / Sea Clay (for Dry Skin)
  • 2 Lemon Oil
  • 2 Turmeric Oil
  • Distilled/ Filtered water

Method: Add all the above ingredients and lastly add enough water to make a paste and apply onto face and leave it on for 20- 30 minutes and rinse with lukewarm water. Apply this mask once a week.

Note: Before mixing any of the above oils, do a skin patch test to ensure you’re not sensitive to that oil.

We provide all the essential oils and other ingredients listed above specially shipped in from the U.S. which is certified organic and 100% original without dilution or added preservatives.

Visit our E-Store to place your order today. Click on the picture below, it will take you to our E-store.



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